According to news from CNN Spain on November 15, Costa Rica’s Social Security Fund (Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social) recently issued an announcement stating that the country’s first case of e-cigarette-related lung disease among minors has been confirmed.
According to the agency's report, the minor was only 16 years old and used e-cigarettes without authorization on weekdays. Therefore, he stayed in the intensive care unit for 29 days for treatment, during which he received mechanical ventilation assistance or intubation. The agency once again reminds the public that e-cigarettes are not harmless, are not a method to quit smoking, and can be fatal.
According to statistics from the agency, the number of cases in Costa Rica's public medical system has increased significantly due to e-cigarette related diseases, rising from 13 cases in the whole year of 2021 to 857 cases in the first half of 2023. Most of the cases come from clinics in the central region of the country.
In addition, the results of the 2021 Sixth National Survey on Psychoactive Substance Consumption among the Secondary Education Population released by the Institute of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (IAFA) of Costa Rica show that the proportion of students who have tried nicotine or e-cigarette products has climbed. To 13.1%, this proportion is almost three times the last survey in 2018 (4.6%).