According to Kazakhstan News on January 28, the latest World Health Organization (WHO) report shows that 150 countries around the world have successfully reduced tobacco use in the past 20 years, and the global adult smoking rate has dropped from one-third to one-fifth. One, among them, Brazil and the Netherlands have successfully reduced smoking rates after taking these measures, Latin American countries have dropped by 35%, and European countries are also close to the 30% target.
Zhanar Kalmakova, deputy chairman of the National Public Health Center of the Ministry of Health of Kazakhstan, pointed out that although the smoking rate in Kazakhstan decreased by 9% in 2019 compared with 2014, the number of adult smokers in Kazakhstan is still expected to reach 2.9 million. , there are still challenges.
It is understood that the smoking rate among men in Kazakhstan has decreased, but the smoking rate among women has increased, and the use of nicotine-containing products, including e-cigarettes, has attracted the attention of young people. Kazakhstan’s national health behavior survey of school-age children shows that the proportion of teenagers who have tried e-cigarettes at least once is 9.8%. In order to protect the next generation, WHO has set the theme of World No Tobacco Day this year as tobacco industry intervention for children.
Projections show that by 2030, the WHO European Region will have the highest prevalence of tobacco use in the world, with the proportion of female smokers twice the global average. To this end, WHO strongly calls on countries to strengthen anti-tobacco policies and strategies.