U.S. teen smoking has declined over the past 30 years

U.S. teen smoking has declined over the past 30 years

Smoking rates among U.S. adolescents (grades 9 to 12) dropped significantly from 1991 to 2021, according to a new study from Florida Atlantic University's (FAU) Schmidt College of Medicine published online in the Ochsner Journal.

Research findings include:

The proportion of people who have ever used cigarettes has dropped significantly from 70.1% in 1991 to 17.8% in 2021, a drop of almost a quarter.

The proportion of occasional smokers has dropped significantly from 27.5% in 1991 to 3.8% in 2021, a decrease of more than 1/7.

The proportion of frequent smokers dropped significantly from 12.7% to 0.7%, a decrease of more than 1/18.

Daily cigarette use dropped from 9.8% in 1991 to 0.6% in 2021, a drop of more than 1/16.

While cigarette use has fallen significantly across all grades, Year 12 has consistently had the highest proportion of occasional smokers compared to other grades, even in 2021. This finding suggests that while smoking is declining across all age groups, older teens may still be more likely to try smoking than younger teens.

"The dramatic decline in smoking among U.S. adolescents over the past three decades is encouraging," said Panagiota "Yiota" Kitsantas, the study's senior author, professor and chair of the Department of Population Health and Social Medicine at FAU's Schmidt College of Medicine. a public health achievement. This decline underscores the importance of continued vigilance, research, and intervention to further reduce tobacco use and its associated harms."

Overall, smoking inequalities by gender among adolescents have persisted for decades. However, by 2021, the gender gap in smoking had narrowed.

In terms of race/ethnicity, the decline in cigarette consumption among black and Asian teens in 2021 was more pronounced, while smoking rates among white and Hispanic/Latinx teens remained higher but still significantly lower than in 1997. Smoking rates.

"These results show reassuring trends, but they also demonstrate the need for targeted Residual Clinical and Public Health Challenges to Interventions,"

"Smoking cessation can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, even in older adults. People can start quitting within a few months and reach the status of non-smokers within a few years. However, for lung cancer and other cancers, years after quitting smoking, The reduction does not even occur and even 10 years after quitting you are still somewhere between continuing smokers and lifelong non-smokers. So to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease it is never too late to quit smoking but to reduce the risk of cancer it is better to quit smoking It’s never too early.”

Co-authors of the study are Maria Mejia, first author, associate professor at Baylor College of Medicine; Robert S. Levine, professor of family and community medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and associate professor at FAU Schmidt College of Medicine; and Biomedical Sciences, FAU Schmidt College of Medicine Fresh graduate Adedamola Adele.
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